What are Children’s Allergies?
If your child has a runny nose, sneezes and coughs a lot or complains about difficulty in breathing or nausea, he/she may have allergies. Every one in four children in the U.S suffer from one or another kind of allergy. Whether your child has a seasonal allergy or a food allergy, an experienced pediatric allergist can help you better manage and control the symptoms of your child’s allergy thereby significantly improving his/her quality of life.
If your child has been experiencing the symptoms of allergies for a week, it is time to set up an appointment with our skilled and experienced pediatric asthma specialist, pediatric toddler allergist or a board-certified pediatric ENT specialist. Give us a call at 440-352-1474 and start your child’s journey to quick recovery!
What Causes Allergies in Children?
Allergens are the irritants that cause allergy in children as well as in adults. If the immune system of your child’s body declares a foreign object or an allergen an enemy, the defense mechanism of the body is activated. Special antibodies are produced to remember the allergen for future battles. When such allergen re-enters the body, antibodies come into action, leading to the production of many inflammatory substances such as histamine to fend off the invader. It is the histamine that leads to common symptoms of allergies like sneezing, runny nose, itchy eyes and even asthma.
There are many substances that can trigger allergy in children e.g.:
- Tree or plant pollen
- Insect bites
- Insect stings
- Pet hair
- Animal dander
- Dust mites
- Cigarette Smoke
- Perfumes in household products like cleaners, detergents and shampoos
- Some kids may be allergic to foods like milk, milk products, peanuts, eggs etc.
What are the Symptoms of Children’s Allergies?
Allergic rhinitis whether seasonal (hay fever) or perennial, is the most common allergy related condition among young children. Some are some of the most common symptoms of allergic rhinitis or nasal allergies in children:
- Runny nose
- Nasal Congestion and Stuffiness
- Hay allergy rash
- Mouth breathing
- Sleep disorders
- Watery and itchy eyes
- Dark rings under the eyes also known as Allergic Shiners
- Fatigue and irritability
- Chronic Sinusitis
- Chronic and recurring ear infections (otitis media)
- In many kids with nasal allergies, Eczema and Asthma are also observed
What are the Risk Factors for Children’s Allergies?
Some of the common risk factors that may increase the chances of your child developing allergies are as follows:
- A parent with allergies or eczema
- Exposure to highly fragrant household chemicals
- Living in an area with high pollen score
How are Children’s Allergies Diagnosed?
It is important to diagnose the kind of allergy as well as the irritant that causes the symptoms to flare up, early on. Many babies and toddlers show the telltale signs and symptoms or allergies. Timely diagnosis and treatment can lead to better management and reduced implications for your child. A pediatric allergy specialist may use following diagnostic procedures:
- A thorough physical exam of ear, nose and throat to better diagnose the various symptoms of nasal allergies
- The pediatric ENT specialist may ask for detailed medical history of your child and may ask you to give a detailed account of your child’s symptoms and the suspected triggers
- A skin prick test may be used if you and your child is comfortable with the procedure
- Allergy blood test work may help diagnose certain food allergies
How are Children’s Allergies Treated?
Finding the specific allergen that is causing the discomforting symptoms in your child can be tough. However, proper diagnosis can lead to effective pediatric allergy treatment and cure in many instances. A desensitizing procedure called “immunotherapy” may be carried out to cure your child of their allergies.
- Subcutaneous immunotherapy involves administering allergy shots
- Sublingual immunotherapy involves placing allergy drops under the tongue of the child
- Allergy tablets are also an effective immunotherapy tool
Your pediatric ENT specialist may offer following options to better manage the symptoms of your child’s allergies:
- Eye Drops
- Nasal sprays
Allergies in children can be detrimental to their health, put them under extreme levels of stress and may lead to developmental delays in some cases. If your child has been experiencing the symptoms of allergies for a week, it is time to set up an appointment with our skilled and experienced pediatric asthma specialist, pediatric toddler allergist or a board-certified pediatric ENT specialist. Give us a call at 440-352-1474 and start your child’s journey to quick recovery!
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OTHER HELPFUL NOSE, SINUS & ALLERGY FACT SHEETS:
- Allergies and Hay Fever
- The Necessity of Early Intervention in Hearing
- Children and Facial Trauma
- Cochlear-Meningitis Vaccination
- Day Care and Ear, Nose and Throat Problems
- Facial Sports Injuries
- Children's Hearing Health
- Laryngopharyngeal Reflux and Children
- Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Children
- Pediatric Food Allergies
- Pediatric GERD (Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease)
- Pediatric Thyroid Cancer
- Pediatric Obesity and Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
- When Your Child Has Tinnitus