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Nose, Sinus & Allergies

Nose, Sinus & Allergies

Congestion, allergic rhinitis, a deviated septum and recurrent sinus infections are just a few of the varied health problems that occur in this region of the body. Information about ways you can relieve symptoms at home and when you should see an Eastside ENT physician can be found in this section.

DEVIATED SEPTUM

The shape of your nasal cavity could be the cause of chronic sinusitis. The nasal septum is the wall dividing the nasal cavity into halves; it is composed of a central supporting skeleton covered on each side by mucous membrane. The front portion of this natural partition is a firm but bendable structure made mostly of cartilage and is covered by skin that has a substantial supply of blood vessels. The ideal nasal septum is exactly midline, separating the left and right sides of the nose into passageways of equal size.  Read entire article.

DO I HAVE SINUSITIS?

Sinusitis is inflammation of the lining membrane of any sinus. Take the following quiz to see if you have sinusitis. Choose "yes" if you have any of the following symptoms for ten days or longer; otherwise, choose "no."

  1. Facial pressure/pain?
  2. Headache pain?
  3. Congestion or stuffy nose?
  4. Thick, yellow-green nasal discharge?
  5. Low fever (99-100)?
  6. Bad breath?
  7. Pain in the upper teeth?

If you answered "Yes" to three or more of the symptoms listed above, you may have a sinus infection resulting from allergies, bacteria, or a response to fungi. An examination by an ear, nose, and throat specialist may be warranted.

SINUS HEADACHES

Not every headache is the consequence of sinus and nasal passage problems. For example, many patients visit an ear, nose, and throat specialist to seek treatment for a sinus headache and learn they actually have a migraine or tension headache. The confusion is common, a migraine can cause irritation of the trigeminal or fifth cranial nerve (with branches in the forehead, cheeks and jaw). This may produce pain at the lower-end branches of the nerve, in or near the sinus cavity. Read entire article.

NOSEBLEEDS - Insight into care and prevention of nosebleeds

The nose is an area of the body that contains many tiny blood vessels or arterioles that can break easily. In the United States, one of every seven people will develop a nosebleed some time in their lifetime. Nosebleeds can occur at any age but are most common in children aged 2-10 years and adults aged 50-80 years. Nosebleeds are divided into two types, depending on whether the bleeding is coming from the front or back of the nose. Read entire article.

ALLERGIES AND HAY FEVER - Insight into causes, treatment, and prevention of allergies and hay fever.

Millions of Americans suffer from nasal allergies, commonly known as hay fever. Often fragrant flowers are blamed for the uncomfortable symptoms, yet they are rarely the cause; their pollens are too heavy to be airborne. An ear, nose, and throat specialist can help determine the substances causing your discomfort and develop a management plan that will help make life more enjoyable. Read entire article.

SINUS SURGERY

The ear, nose, and throat specialist will prescribe many medications (antibiotics, decongestants, nasal steroid sprays, antihistamines) and procedures (flushing) for treating acute sinusitis. There are occasions when physician and patient find that the infections are recurrent and/or non-responsive to the medication. When this occurs, surgery to enlarge the openings that drain the sinuses is an option.  Read entire article.

ANTIBIOTICS AND SUNUSITIS

An antibiotic is a soluble substance derived from a mold or bacterium that inhibits the growth of other microorganisms. The first antibiotic was Penicillin, discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1929, but it was not until World War II that the effectiveness of antibiotics was acknowledged, and large-scale fermentation processes were developed for their production. Read entire article.

 

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©American Academy of Otolaryngology