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Vertigo, Dizziness and Motion Sickness specialists and treatment madison concord willoughby

Vertigo, Dizziness and Motion Sickness

What is Dizziness?

Dizziness often manifests itself as the sensations of lightheadedness, unsteadiness or giddiness. There are many reasons you may feel dizzy, such as injury, infection, neurological disease, medication usage etc. However, one of the most common causes of imbalance and dizziness is an inner ear problem.

Vertigo is a special kind of dizziness that is most often associated with disturbances in balance organs (Labyrinth) in the inner ear. Vertigo comes from a Latin word that means, “to turn”. People who suffer from vertigo often complain about their surroundings turning or spinning around them.

Motion sickness can be caused by any type of transportation. It is a feeling of uneasiness that can lead to dizziness, nausea and vomiting. Usually the dizziness stops as soon as the vehicle stops, however, in some cases the symptoms of motion sickness may last for days.

If you are experiencing balance issues, do not hesitate to set up an appointment with our skilled and experienced ENT specialists. Give us a call at 440-352-1474 and start your journey to quick recovery!

What Causes Dizziness?

Dizziness, vertigo and motion sickness result from disturbances in your sense of balance and equilibrium. Your inner ear, eyes, pressure receptors and muscles/joints sensory receptors help your central nervous system to maintain equilibrium. When your central nervous system fails to decipher messages from sensory systems, you experience dizziness and motion sickness.

Dizziness can further be attributed to causes like:

  • Poor blood circulation resulting from hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis)
  • Neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis, syphilis, tumors etc
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • Anemia

Some of the most common causes of vertigo are:

  • Change in your head position or Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)
  • Meniere’s disease
  • Migraine
  • Inner ear infection
  • Head injury
  • Prolonged bed rest
  • Allergies

What are the Symptoms of Dizziness?

Depending on the cause of your sense of imbalance, your symptoms may vary. The usual symptoms associated with dizziness, vertigo and motion sickness are:

  • Feeling unbalanced, spinning, tilting or swaying
  • Light headedness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Excessive sweating
  • Ringing in the ears (Tinnitus)
  • Hearing Loss

What are the Risk Factors for Dizziness?

Following factors can increase your chances of experiencing dizziness

  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • High cholesterol
  • Caffeine or Nicotine intake
  • Excess salt in diet
  • Prolonged usage of antidepressants, anti-seizure medication or blood pressure medication

When Should I see a Doctor?

If you find your dizzy spells getting longer and more problematic, you should seek help from a professional ENT specialist. Immediate medical attention may be required if you experience:

  • Dizziness resulting from a head injury
  • Fainting
  • Convulsions
  • Shortness of breath, chest pain, severe headache, change in vision, or inability to move your limbs

How is Dizziness Diagnosed?

Following diagnostic procedures may be carried out by your otolaryngologist:

  • Hearing tests
  • CT scan and MRI scan of your head
  • Head impulse test
  • Electronystagmography (ENG)
  • Videonyustagmography (VNG)
  • Blood pressure, nerve and balance function test

How is Dizziness Treated?

Depending on the causal factors and severity of your dizziness, vertigo or motion sickness, following treatment-procedures may be used by your ENT specialist:

  • Vestibular rehabilitation and balance exercises
  • Epley maneuver
  • Prescription medications
  • Surgery

You can minimize the symptoms of most kinds of dizziness and vertigo by avoiding rapid changes in position, improving your blood circulation, getting treatment for ear infections and minimizing stress. Your ENT specialist can guide you to make necessary adjustments when you travel, to help you better cope with your motion sickness.

Dizziness, vertigo and motion sickness can be annoying and in many instances debilitating conditions. A professional medical practitioner can help improve your quality of life. If you are experiencing balance issues, do not hesitate to set up an appointment with our skilled and experienced ENT specialists. Give us a call at 440-352-1474 and start your journey to quick recovery!